Collagen is the most abundant protein in the human body, making up 25%-30% [i] of total proteins. Collagen consists of essential amino acids, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Collagen is crucial in maintaining optimal health and wellness throughout our lives. The word collagen originates from the ancient Greek work ‘Kolla’, meaning glue. It is found in all connective tissue and gram by gram, type I collagen, is stronger than steel [ii]. As we age, the body loses its ability to create and store collagen effectively, resulting in many common degenerative conditions and an ageing appearance.
Collagen is the name given to a family of 16 different types of collagen proteins; each performs a unique task within the body to ensure proper functioning. However, types I, II, and III are the most commonly occurring, making up 80%-90% of total collagen found in the body [iii].
Type I collagen is found throughout the entire body, particularly in the skin, tendons, organs and bones [iv]. It is responsible for the elasticity within the body, enabling full movement and proper bodily functioning, as well as a healthy, youthful complexion. Type II Collagen is the main component of cartilage, it is key to maintaining joint and bone health. Type II collagen is important in pushing back the onset of arthritis and preventing joint injuries, and injuries associated with falls. Type III collagen is found in the walls of arteries and other hollow organs [v], as well as in skin and bone. Type III collagen is produced quickly as a placeholder for the stronger type I collagen while it is being synthesized by the body [vi].
The skin is comprised of three distinct layers; The epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis, that each work to protect your body from harmful bacterium and dehydration. Collagen is crucial to ensure proper functioning of the skin and a healthy youthful appearance. Collagen accounts for three-quarters of the skins dry weight [vii], serving as the connective tissue that gives the skin its strength and supports the epidermis. Collagen gives skin its elasticity and firmness, both indicators associated with successful ageing
and overall health and well being. The depreciation in the body’s ability to produce collagen is preventable with the right skincare and health regime. Collagen particles are too large to be absorbed into the skin via topical treatments [viii], and often offer little meaningful results. Oral beauty and health supplements are a more effective means of delivering nutrients required for collagen promotion.
A major component of bone biology is a bone matrix, a combination of salts and calcium carbonate deposited into a network of collagen fibres. [ix] The bone matrix gives bones their strength and hardness while maintaining a healthy level of flexibility necessary to prevent breaks and fractures. The ageing body’s inefficiency at collagen synthesis is a significant factor in deteriorating bone and joint health. Promoting collagen production through dietary choices and supplements is known to improve bone and joint health and assist in the prevention of age-associated fractures.
Collagen performs several tasks to ensure optimal organ health. Collagen forms a protective barrier around and within the lining of soft organs. The Collagen provides the organs with strength and flexibility, allowing for growth and preventing ruptures [x]. Collagen also has significant benefits for cardiovascular health [xi]. Through an average lifestyle, the heart can arteries can become damaged requiring a patch repair of plaque, leading to blockages and cardiovascular disease. Collagen acts as a regulator to build strong, healthy arteries that do not require the body to produce plaque, reducing plaque buildup and narrowing arteries that require the heart to work harder to maintain function [xii].
The Inessa Healthcare line is specifically designed to promote efficient collagen production throughout the life span. With a focus on supplying consumers with premium quality, natural ingredients that improve bodily functions, the Inessa Healthcare range allows you to age successfully from within.